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Singapore Malaysia Water Agreement

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PUTRAJAYA — Malaysia will present Singapore with a revised price for raw water sales as prime minister Mahathir Mohamad`s government advances efforts to change the terms of a half-century-old deal between its neighbors. Several countries have overlapping maritime requirements in the South China Sea, and the waterway is a strategic advantage in navigation and fishing. China claims almost all of the territory under the so-called nine-line line, but its claim has not been internationally recognized. Other countries claiming a share of the South China Sea are the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Singapore. On September 1, 27, 1961, the Malaya Federation signed an agreement that caused Singapore to lose the right to draw up to 86 million imperial gallons (390,000 m3) of water per day from the Tebrau River, Skudai River, Pontian Reservoir and De Pulai Reservoir, with effect until 2011. On September 29, 1962, another agreement was signed, granting Singapore the right to draw up to 250 million imperial gallons (1,100,000 m3) per day from the Johor River with effect until 2061. Both agreements provided for the price of 3 Malaysian cents for 1,000 imperial gallons (4,500 L). While discussions on the code of conduct are expected to be completed in 2021, Saifuddin said he expected some countries to oppose the legality and enforcement of the code. A legally binding code “would be the hardest part,” he said. “I can foresee that there might be some difficulties in fixing the actual details.

Nevertheless, I am very confident that we can reach an agreement. This agreement, the 1990 Water Agreement, led to the construction of Lake Linggiu, completed in 1993, to ensure the sustainable withdrawal of our demand for 250 million gallons of raw water per day from the Johor River. Yes. Under the 1962 water agreement, we continue to buy 250 million gallons of raw water per day in the Johor River. In return, we are required to supply Malaysia with treated water daily up to 2% (or 5 mgd) of the water supplied to Singapore. In practice, pub, at Johor`s request, has delivered additional drinking water to Johor on a daily basis, in addition to the 2% we have to deliver under the 1962 Water Agreement. PUB has also responded to Johor`s ad hoc requests for more drinking water, in times of severe and persistent drought in Johor and when Johor`s hydropower plants experience pollution episodes or are routinely maintained. Additional drinking water is provided to Johor on a goodwill basis and without prejudice to our rights under the 1962 Water Agreement. The first water agreement was signed between Sultan Ibrahim II, the Sultan of Johor, and the Municipal Commissioners of the City of Singapore, on December 5, 1927, under the Legislative Council of the Straits Settlements. It is no longer in force. If, in 1987, Malaysia had exercised the right to verify the price of water, as provided for in the 1962 Water Agreement, Singapore might have made other investment decisions to develop the Johor River, including the Linggiu Dam.

Finally, the Malaysian Prime Minister told Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, in October 2002, told Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong that Malaysia wanted to “separate the water issue” from the other elements of the package. Prime Minister Goh told Prime Minister Mahathir that as Malaysia wants to end the package`s approach, Singapore needs to look at water and other issues because of their distinct advantages. Malaysia cannot unilaterally revise the price of water. Our legal situation remains unchanged. Malaysia then made proposals for a new price for raw water. On August 31, 2011, the 2011 water contract expired and the hydropower plants and facilities were handed over to the Johor State Government. .

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